The famous Italian anarchist Errico Malatesta was born on this day in 1853. In honour of his legacy, we’re sharing some of his ideas on the concept of ‘revolution’.
Revolution is the creation of new living institutions, new groupings, new social relationships; it is the destruction of privileges and monopolies; it is the new spirit of justice, of brotherhood, of freedom which must renew the whole social life, the moral level and the material conditions of the masses by calling on them to provide, through their direct and conscious action, for their own future.
Revolution is the organization of all public services by those who work in them in their own interest as well as the public’s.
Revolution is the destruction of all coercive ties; it is the autonomy of groups, of communes, of regions.
Revolution is the free federation brought about by a desire for brotherhood, by individual and collective interests, by the needs of production and defence.
Revolution is the constitution of innumerable free groupings based on ideas, wishes, and tastes of all kinds that exist among the people.
Revolution is the forming and disbanding of thousands of representative, district, communal, regional, national bodies which, without having any legislative power, serve to make known and to coordinate the desires and interests of people near and far and which act through information, advice and example.
Revolution is freedom proved in the crucible of facts — and lasts so long as freedom lasts, that is until others, taking advantage of the weariness that overtakes the masses, of the inevitable disappointments that follow exaggerated hopes, of the probable errors and human faults, succeed in constituting a power, which supported by an army of conscripts or mercenaries, lays down the law, arrests the movement at the point it has reached, and then begins the reaction.
– Errico Malatesta
Source URL — https://roarmag.org/2015/12/14/on-this-day-in-1853-errico-malatesta/